Egg and poultry meat account for 35.56% of human animal protein requirements in the world with 13.12% for eggs only. Egg consumption and its high nutritive value result in an important production estimated to 1,140 billion in 2008 (Nys et al., 2011).
Livestock, especially poultry, make a substantial contribution to household food security by providing income, quality food, fertilizer and assets in over 80% of rural households in developing countries (Bebay, 2003).
Togo is a primarily agricultural country, with rural dwellers estimated at 80% of the total population. Animal husbandry contributes only 5.4% to gross domestic product (Aklobessi and De Souza, 2007). In the 1970's, livestock development policies, with emphasis on short-cycle animals especially poultry, as key components were launched.
Early feeding after hatch improves the initiation of growth in neonatal chicks (Bigot et al., 2003a), and this growth promoting effect lasts until marketing (Noy and David, 1999).